Fourth Industrial Revolution - What, Why, When & How? 1

Fourth Industrial Revolution – What, Why, When & How?

Though considered as a gradation of the 0.33 industrial revolution, that is, in particular, a fusion of technology; a sound, promising, affluent, visionary, and altogether special revolution developing soon! The First Industrial Revolution came up to mechanize production through water and steam electricity, while the Second Industrial Revolution started to create mass production. Automated production using electronics and facts generation become the undertaking of the Third One. The expected transformation cannot be considered as a prolongation of the Third Industrial Revolution due to its disruptive propagation, exponential evolution, and speed transformation with no ancient precedent.

What is the Fourth Industrial Revolution?

We are at the edge of a technological innovation, a change, a surreal transformation! According to World Economic Forum (WEF) founder and govt chairman Klaus Schwab, it is a “technological revolution to essentially regulate the way we stay, paintings and relate to each other”. The quickly-to-show-up and especially awaited Fourth Industrial Revolution combines digital, organic, and physical systems and will propagate a new interplay between human beings and machines. Built upon the first 3 Industrial Revolutions, this may show the rapid pace of technological progress by fusing their boundaries.

Industrial Revolution

Artificial Intelligence (AI) will rule the Fourth Industrial Revolution!

Technological innovation can be a great and promising part of this segment of the Industrial Revolution. Driverless motors, smart robotics, 3D printing, autonomous cars, nanotechnology, biotechnology, digital fabrication, artificial biology, computation design, electricity storage, quantum computing, and the Internet of Things can be the milestones set in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. A WEF paper using Nicholas Davis, head of Society and Innovation, says that “reliant on the technologies and infrastructure of the 1/3 business revolution…, represent completely new approaches, in which technology turns embedded within societies or even our human bodies. The new ways include genome enhancing, new types of gadget intelligence, and step forward procedures for governance predicated on cryptographic methods including blockchain”.

Why is this buzz about the Fourth Industrial Revolution?

Because there are strong possibilities and grave challenges!

Skills will rule the Labour Market!

One of the largest and most direct effects of the Fourth Industrial Revolution may be felt through the labor marketplace. Increasing technological invasion will result in a massive tranche of process losses, particularly for low-skill jobs. There will be an excessive call for high-skill jobs. You will certainly be clever coders for driverless cars, won’t you? According to economists Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee, there might be an upward thrust in inequality within the labor marketplace. Larger technological Automation will lead to internet displacement of employees and, finally, a boom in the boom and call for safe and profitable jobs.

Oxfam predicted that just 62 individuals own as much as the poorer half of the sector’s population and that the wealth of the poorest 50 percent has fallen by 41 percent since 2010. A Swiss financial institution UBS document stated that the unfolding of AI and robotics would harm economies like India and a few Latin American nations by slicing their cheap labor gain. Earlier, researchers at Oxford had envisioned that 35 percent of employees inside the UK and 47 percent within the US could lose their jobs to technology over the subsequent decades. Hence, the labor market will go like this: “high talent-high call for-excessive pay” and “low skill-low demand-low pay”. In other words, skills will collect a larger space and might be a good deal in the call for within the labor marketplace than the capital at some stage in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Improvise the Quality of Living

Technology has improved the quality of life for populations since its inception. Availability of the latest products, simpler accessibility to the market, extended efficiency, delight in private lives, and a low-priced digital world await. Starting from high quit vital daily requirements like making a transaction, shopping for a product until informal personal needs like listening to a tune or looking a film; will be completed remotely and effortlessly. The Fourth Industrial Revolution will bring about a qualitative transformation in people’s lifestyles.

Tremendous Gain in Efficiency and Productivity

Automation and technological innovation will cause a miracle regarding efficiency and productivity. Long-term profits are assured. A drop in the transportation and verbal exchange fees multiplied the effectiveness of logistics and international supply chains. It decreases the cost of change, which will equip the financial increase and propel new markets to open up. It is simpler to run change with fewer workers today than it became 1/2 1 / 4 of a century ago. An organization can earn terrific cash with a clever app with minimal capital requirement to depart independently for storage, logistics, and transportation charges. Regarding economics jargon, marginal expenses according to a unit of output will generally tend to be 0, and the return on investment may be higher on the better aspect!

Impact on the Business World: Can be a reliable promise in addition to a deadly peril!

However, the Fourth Industrial Revolution will mainly affect international business. Development and prosperity will be relaxed on four systems: patron expectations, product enhancement, collaborative innovation, and organizational forms. Customers will form the epicenter of the business. Increased digital transparency inside the business sector will result in a primary global exchange of consumer stories, information-based services, and global asset performance. The rise of recent international niches and business models will need a makeover and re-contact of the prevailing expertise, way of life, and organizational paperwork. Business leaders need to apprehend their converting surroundings, venture into the assumptions of their operating teams, and relentlessly and continuously innovate to be within the converting league.

Grave Challenge Ahead for Governments

What will appear if residents voice their evaluations and evade the work of the Government? An extreme technique toward public engagement and policy-making needs to be commended! And this is what’s going to manifest very soon within the age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Rapid digitalization will enable the residents to opine more about the work of the government, eventually setting greater stress on the latter because of redistribution and decentralization of strength. Agile governance is the need of the hour. To do so, governments and regulatory groups must collaborate carefully with a commercial enterprise and civil society. Technology can increase the risk of latent fears associated with a battle. At the same time, it will also create the ability to lessen the scale or impact of violence by developing the latest modes of protection, for example, or extra precision in targeting.

Female mass could have been an outstanding element of this revolution.

The negative effect on the labor market can have a disproportionately terrible impact on women than on guys. However, with a growing talent pool, the proportion of ladies expected to develop to medium and senior roles by 2020 is set to rise by almost 10%. Job loss because of Automation of generation will affect men and women similarly. However, the fact that girls make up a smaller share of the personal approach that today’s financial gender hole can also widen even in addition. According to The Industry Gender Gap Report, “The Media, Entertainment, and Information sector is the simplest one so that it will see a reduction inside the number of girls within the next five years, with woman composition expected to drop throughout all task stages, from forty-seven % to 46%. However, even here, women can count on to peer greater opportunity, with the percentage of women in mid-degree and senior-stage positions predicted to grow from 25% daily to 32% and 33% respectively”.

When might be the onset of the Fourth Industrial Revolution?

Resting upon the Third Industrial Revolution, the fourth is looking ahead to a primary disruptor to mark its inception. Many instabilities and unpredictability are associated with the onset of this new digital revolution. A viable trade in the Smartphone industry or any new technological innovation to wipe down the modern-day technical factors will mark the start of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. An invention a good way to “robotize” the humanity will set the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

How will the Fourth Industrial Revolution affect India?

It will affect the reasonably-priced and unskilled labor marketplace in India. According to a UBS file, “Automation will hold to position downward stress on the wages of the low-skilled and is starting to impinge on the employment prospects of center-professional workers. By evaluation, the capacity returns to incredibly professional and greater adaptable people are growing.”


I am a writer, financial consultant, husband, father, and avid surfer. I am also a long-time entrepreneur, investor, and trader. For almost two decades, I have worked in the financial sector, and now I focus on making money through investing in stock trading.